#pragma once
// Std. Includes
#include <string>
#include <fstream>
#include <sstream>
#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;
// GL Includes
#include <GL/glew.h> // Contains all the necessery OpenGL includes
#include <glm/glm.hpp>
#include <glm/gtc/matrix_transform.hpp>
#include <SOIL.h>
#include <assimp/Importer.hpp>
#include <assimp/scene.h>
#include <assimp/postprocess.h>

#include "Mesh.h"

GLint TextureFromFile(const char* path, string directory);

class Model 
    /*  Functions   */
    // Constructor, expects a filepath to a 3D model.
    Model(GLchar* path)

    // Draws the model, and thus all its meshes
    void Draw(Shader shader)
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < this->meshes.size(); i++)
    /*  Model Data  */
    vector<Mesh> meshes;
    string directory;
    vector<Texture> textures_loaded;	// Stores all the textures loaded so far, optimization to make sure textures aren't loaded more than once.

    /*  Functions   */
    // Loads a model with supported ASSIMP extensions from file and stores the resulting meshes in the meshes vector.
    void loadModel(string path)
        // Read file via ASSIMP
        Assimp::Importer importer;
        const aiScene* scene = importer.ReadFile(path, aiProcess_Triangulate | aiProcess_FlipUVs);
        // Check for errors
        if(!scene || scene->mFlags == AI_SCENE_FLAGS_INCOMPLETE || !scene->mRootNode) // if is Not Zero
            cout << "ERROR::ASSIMP:: " << importer.GetErrorString() << endl;
        // Retrieve the directory path of the filepath
        this->directory = path.substr(0, path.find_last_of('/'));

        // Process ASSIMP's root node recursively
        this->processNode(scene->mRootNode, scene);

    // Processes a node in a recursive fashion. Processes each individual mesh located at the node and repeats this process on its children nodes (if any).
    void processNode(aiNode* node, const aiScene* scene)
        // Process each mesh located at the current node
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < node->mNumMeshes; i++)
            // The node object only contains indices to index the actual objects in the scene. 
            // The scene contains all the data, node is just to keep stuff organized (like relations between nodes).
            aiMesh* mesh = scene->mMeshes[node->mMeshes[i]]; 
            this->meshes.push_back(this->processMesh(mesh, scene));			
        // After we've processed all of the meshes (if any) we then recursively process each of the children nodes
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < node->mNumChildren; i++)
            this->processNode(node->mChildren[i], scene);


    Mesh processMesh(aiMesh* mesh, const aiScene* scene)
        // Data to fill
        vector<Vertex> vertices;
        vector<GLuint> indices;
        vector<Texture> textures;

        // Walk through each of the mesh's vertices
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < mesh->mNumVertices; i++)
            Vertex vertex;
            glm::vec3 vector; // We declare a placeholder vector since assimp uses its own vector class that doesn't directly convert to glm's vec3 class so we transfer the data to this placeholder glm::vec3 first.
            // Positions
            vector.x = mesh->mVertices[i].x;
            vector.y = mesh->mVertices[i].y;
            vector.z = mesh->mVertices[i].z;
            vertex.Position = vector;
            // Normals
            vector.x = mesh->mNormals[i].x;
            vector.y = mesh->mNormals[i].y;
            vector.z = mesh->mNormals[i].z;
            vertex.Normal = vector;
            // Texture Coordinates
            if(mesh->mTextureCoords[0]) // Does the mesh contain texture coordinates?
                glm::vec2 vec;
                // A vertex can contain up to 8 different texture coordinates. We thus make the assumption that we won't 
                // use models where a vertex can have multiple texture coordinates so we always take the first set (0).
                vec.x = mesh->mTextureCoords[0][i].x; 
                vec.y = mesh->mTextureCoords[0][i].y;
                vertex.TexCoords = vec;
                vertex.TexCoords = glm::vec2(0.0f, 0.0f);
        // Now wak through each of the mesh's faces (a face is a mesh its triangle) and retrieve the corresponding vertex indices.
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < mesh->mNumFaces; i++)
            aiFace face = mesh->mFaces[i];
            // Retrieve all indices of the face and store them in the indices vector
            for(GLuint j = 0; j < face.mNumIndices; j++)
        // Process materials
        if(mesh->mMaterialIndex >= 0)
            aiMaterial* material = scene->mMaterials[mesh->mMaterialIndex];
            // We assume a convention for sampler names in the shaders. Each diffuse texture should be named
            // as 'texture_diffuseN' where N is a sequential number ranging from 1 to MAX_SAMPLER_NUMBER. 
            // Same applies to other texture as the following list summarizes:
            // Diffuse: texture_diffuseN
            // Specular: texture_specularN
            // Normal: texture_normalN

            // 1. Diffuse maps
            vector<Texture> diffuseMaps = this->loadMaterialTextures(material, aiTextureType_DIFFUSE, "texture_diffuse");
            textures.insert(textures.end(), diffuseMaps.begin(), diffuseMaps.end());
            // 2. Specular maps
            vector<Texture> specularMaps = this->loadMaterialTextures(material, aiTextureType_SPECULAR, "texture_specular");
            textures.insert(textures.end(), specularMaps.begin(), specularMaps.end());
        // Return a mesh object created from the extracted mesh data
        return Mesh(vertices, indices, textures);

    // Checks all material textures of a given type and loads the textures if they're not loaded yet.
    // The required info is returned as a Texture struct.
    vector<Texture> loadMaterialTextures(aiMaterial* mat, aiTextureType type, string typeName)
        vector<Texture> textures;
        for(GLuint i = 0; i < mat->GetTextureCount(type); i++)
            aiString str;
            mat->GetTexture(type, i, &str);
            // Check if texture was loaded before and if so, continue to next iteration: skip loading a new texture
            GLboolean skip = false;
            for(GLuint j = 0; j < textures_loaded.size(); j++)
                if(std::strcmp(textures_loaded[j].path.C_Str(), str.C_Str()) == 0)
                    skip = true; // A texture with the same filepath has already been loaded, continue to next one. (optimization)
            {   // If texture hasn't been loaded already, load it
                Texture texture;
                texture.id = TextureFromFile(str.C_Str(), this->directory);
                texture.type = typeName;
                texture.path = str;
                this->textures_loaded.push_back(texture);  // Store it as texture loaded for entire model, to ensure we won't unnecesery load duplicate textures.
        return textures;

GLint TextureFromFile(const char* path, string directory)
     //Generate texture ID and load texture data 
    string filename = string(path);
    filename = directory + '/' + filename;
    GLuint textureID;
    glGenTextures(1, &textureID);
    int width,height;
    unsigned char* image = SOIL_load_image(filename.c_str(), &width, &height, 0, SOIL_LOAD_RGB);
    // Assign texture to ID
    glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, textureID);
    glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGB, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, image);

    // Parameters
    glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0);
    return textureID;